South India is the most important birding zone in the Indian subcontinent, with 35 highly sought-after endemics. Besides great endemics, South India is home to many near endemics shared only with neighbouring Sri Lanka. South India is very different from north India in terms of climate, rainfall, vegetation, etc.
The endemic birds of South India are diverse; many of them have Nilgiri or Malabar in their common English names. The Western Ghats mountain range, much older than the Himalayas, is the focal point of endemicity in southern India. The Western Ghats mountain ranges, which run parallel to India’s west coast, control the region’s life and climate. With its endless valleys, tea gardens, and verdant forests, the Western Ghats is a birder’s paradise.
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